Special Issues of Criminal Justice and Crime Policy

COURSE TITLE Special Issues of Criminal justice and Crime Policy
If the ECTS Credits are distributed in distinct parts of the course e.g. lectures, labs etc. If the ECTS Credits are awarded to the whole course, then please indicate the teaching hours per week and the corresponding ECTS Credits.
3 6
Please, add lines if necessary. Teaching methods and organization of the course are described in section 4.

Background, General Knowledge, Scientific Area, Skill Development

Scientific Area
COURSE URL: https://eclass.duth.gr/courses/OKA213/
Learning Outcomes
Please describe the learning outcomes of the course: Knowledge, skills and abilities acquired after the successful completion of the course.
Students are expected to:

  • To develop critical thinking and analysis around phenomena of serious illegality, such as corruption, white-collar crime, economic and organized crime, examining the terms and procedures for the creation of the regulatory framework (criminalization), as well as the conditions for its application by institutions of formal social control.
  • To broaden their critical thinking in relation to the social reality of crime and the formation of legality through the regulatory framework against the above phenomena, analyzing the legitimizing foundations of the policies pursued.
  • To have an in-depth understanding of the theory and legal basis of crime policy measures related to dealing with serious illegality and to become familiar with the institutional framework, its applications, research analysis and planning of this policy.
General Skills
Name the desirable general skills upon successful completion of the module
Search, analysis and synthesis of data and information,


Adaptation to new situations

Decision making

Autonomous work


Working in an international environment

Working in an interdisciplinary environment

Production of new research ideas

Project design and management

Equity and Inclusion

Respect for the natural environment


Demonstration of social, professional and moral responsibility and sensitivity to gender issues

Critical thinking

Promoting free, creative and inductive reasoning

Search, analysis and synthesis of data and information, ICT Use

Decision making

Autonomous work


Working in an international environment

Critical thinking

Equity and Inclusion

Promoting free, creative and inductive reasoning


The course is a continuation of the compulsory course “Crime Policy and Globalization” which is given in the 6th semester. For this reason, it is suggested to choose this lesson in the 7th semester. The course focus on issues that traditional criminal and criminological theory had “degraded” for many decades, as well as the respective fields of crime policy in international and national level. Main topics are organized crime, financial crime and corruption, which are considered as manifestations of the “crime of the powerful”, in the light of different theoretical approaches and typologies: “corporate”, “state”, and “state-corporate crime”, “crimes of globalization” and “organized crime”.

The course material is structured in two sections:

The first section includes the development of theoretical approaches to “serious illegality” and the more specific theories of white-collar crime, professional, corporate, state, state-organised, state- corporate crime and organized crime. This section attempts to gain an in-depth understanding of the difficulties of criminal typologies, legal provisions and investigation of the above phenomena, their social consequences, their organizational character, their relationship with power and law and their symbiotic character with legality. At the same time, through the criminological theory and its conceptual tools, the phenomena of corruption, economic and organized crime are analyzed with reference to case studies.

The second section focuses on the organization of crime policy at international and national level to address the above phenomena, with reference to legislation, prevention and repression agencies, the development of special procedures and the establishment of special law enforcement bodies. This section examines the effectiveness of the policies pursued and the function of formal social control.

Course Outline:

  1. Introduction to the problematic, main learning objectives and lesson outline.
  2. From white collar crime to Critical, New or Radical Criminology and the problematic of “Crimes of the Powerful”. The contribution of Sutherland and Merton.
  3. The main axes of the Critical Example, the terms and procedures of creating rules (criminalization), critique of legal positivism, the law as a restrictive condition for the study and investigation of serious illegality, the authoritarian parameter, and its effects on shaping the social reaction and formal social control.
  4. The contribution of Chambliss and Quinney to the development of white-collar crime theory. Criticism of Sutherland. The typology of state- organized crime and the symbiotic nature of crimes of the powerful with legality.
  5. The organizational nature of serious criminality and the difficulties of criminal delimitation (penal provisions). The Organizational Crime and Organizational Deviation Approaches. The concept and theory of “state-corporate crime”.
  6. Conditions for incubating state-corporate crimes in Greece. The Siemens case. The crimes of globalization and the role of international organizations.
  7. The concept and theory of “state crime”. Terms and conditions. Disclaimer, re-framing and rationalization techniques. Police arbitrariness, torture and corruption as a state crime.
  8. Analysis of the Corruption Phenomenon: Phenomenology, social impact, criminal prosecution, international conventions and control mechanisms, corruption prevention and control policies, administrative control and law enforcement principles, efficiency and enforcement issues.
  9. Analysis of Organized Crime in the light of criminological theory and crime policy. Phenomenology, social repercussions, criminal treatment, international conventions, prosecution mechanisms.
  10. Money laundering (money laundering). Phenomenology, criminal treatment, international stretchers, recommendations and instructions, preventive and repressive measures. The role of international financial centers in money laundering (banks, foreign companies, tax havens)
  11. The forensic investigation of the crimes of the powerful. Difficulties, problems and methodology.
  12. Investigation and interrogation of criminal cases of the powerful. Special investigative acts, protection of witnesses of public interest, liability of legal persons, recovery of illegally acquired assets, judicial cooperation.
  13. Presentation of assignments. Discussion of specific topics: e.g., political corruption and financing of political parties, corruption in the criminal justice system, etc.
Face to face, Distance learning, etc.
Face to face
Use of ICT in Teaching, in Laboratory Education, in Communication with students
Use of ICT in Teaching, Use of PPT in classes, use of the class web for posting teaching material, announcements and for communicating with students.

The ways and methods of teaching are described in detail.

Lectures, Seminars, Laboratory Exercise, Field Exercise, Bibliographic research & analysis, Tutoring, Internship (Placement), Clinical Exercise, Art Workshop, Interactive learning, Study visits, Study / creation, project, creation, project. Etc.


The supervised and unsupervised workload per activity is indicated here, so that total workload per semester complies to ECTS standards.

Activity Workload/semester
Lectures 39
Interactive teaching 14
Preparation of a study-Research 38
Independent study-Research and preparation for the exams 48
Presentation of a Study-Research 9
Final Written Examination 2
Student Evaluation

Description of the evaluation process

 Assessment Language, Assessment Methods, Formative or Concluding, Multiple Choice Test, Short Answer Questions, Essay Development Questions, Problem Solving, Written Assignment, Essay / Report, Oral Exam, Presentation in audience, Laboratory Report, Clinical examination of a patient, Artistic interpretation, Other/Others

Please indicate all relevant information about the course assessment and how students are informed 


The final evaluation considers:

1) The elaboration of an assignment-paper

2) The presentation of an assignment

3) The written examination.


Preparation and presentation of assignments:

The criteria for writing academic papers, assignments essays and presenting academic works apply. The main criteria are the accuracy and clarity of the use of terminology, the clear organization of the content and the appropriate use of the literature to develop the topic of the work. The use of ICT is necessary in the presentation.



Vidali, S., Koulouris, N. & Papacharalambous, Ch. [Eds.], (2019), Organized crime, financial crime and corruption. Crimes of the powerful, Athens: EAP Publications

Course file (texts, reports, articles) post in e-class.

Additional- in Greek:

Bitzilekis, N. (2010) “Corruption as a legal and political problem” in Pitsela, Ag. (ed.) Criminological Researches: Honorary Volume for Professor Stergios Alexiadis, Athens-Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas.

Chouliaras, A. (2021), From Ex-officio to Alleged Prosecution of Embezzlement Against Banks: Thoughts on Criminal Power and Crime Policy, ANTIGONE: The Question, Journal of Critical Criminology, the Criminal Problem and the Social control, Topos publications – EEMEKE, June 2021 V. I No. 1, pp. 194-200.

Cohen, S. (2021), Conditions of denial: Learning about atrocities and pain, translated by Sofia Spyrea, Athens: Topos Publishing

Gasparinatou, M. (2021), “Crime & Powers in the Greek State: The Gray Zone of Legality”, ANTIGONE: the question, Journal of Critical Criminology, the criminal problem and social control, Topos-EEMEKE publications, June 20 I No. 1, pp. 102-128.

Gasparinatou, M. (2021), “The Interconnection of White-Collar Crime & Organized Crime & the Gaps of Crime Policy”, in Vidali, S., Gasparinatou, M. Georgoulas, S., Themeli, O., Koulouris, N. Kouroutzas, C. Papanikolaou, G., Stamouli, E. (eds.), Social reality, Critical speech and criminal phenomenon, contributions to the 2nd conference of the Hellenic Society for the Study of Crime and Social Control, Athens: EEMEKE

Georgoulas. S. (2016), State-business crime and sports: A “normal” situation, Athens: KPSM

Kaiafa-Gbadi, M. (2015), “Criminal law and EU imperatives – The national integration of EU law in the example of tackling corruption” in M. Gasparinatou (ed.), Crime and criminal repression in times of crisis, Honorary Volume of Prof. N. Couraki, Athens: Ant. N. Sakkoulas

Karydis, V. & Chouliaras, A. (eds.), 2015. Ethical Panics, power and rights. Contemporary approaches, Athens-Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas

Karydis, V.- Vasilantonopoulou, V. (2014) “The crime of the white collar and the machine of corruption”, Year 20 (2014), available at: <http://chronosmag.eu/index.php/index.php/es- slpl-gl-ll-efth.html>

Kosmatos, K. (2020). “Recent Legislative Amendments on the Crime of Infidelity Against Banking Institutions,” The Art of Crime, May 2020 (Available at: https://theartofcrime.gr/oi-prosfates- legislative modifications/).

Lazos, G. (2005), Corruption and counter-corruption. Athens: Nomiki Vivliothiki

Pitsela, A. (2011), The criminological approach to financial crime, Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas

Rizava, F. (2012), Organized crime. Theoretical approach, article interpretation and case law, Athens: Nomiki Vivliothiki

Stamouli, E. (2015), Security policies in Greece in relation to organized crime and terrorism and their consequences in -crime policy, PHD Thesis available at: http://thesis.ekt.gr/thesisBookReader/id/36625# page / 24 / mode / 2up

Stamouli, E. (2016), “Organized crime and economic crisis: trends and changes”, in M. Gasparinatou (Ed.), Crime and Criminal Repression in a time of crisis, Hon. Volume of Prof. N. Courakis , Athens: Ant. N. Sakkoulas, pp.1194-1230.

Vasilantonopoulou, V. (2014), “White collars” and financial crime. Social harm and crime policy, Athens: Sakkoulas.

Vasilantonopoulou, V. (2015), “Who are the” criminals “in our time? The timeless response to the crime of the white collar “in M. Gasparinatou (ed.), Crime and criminal repression in a time of crisis, Honorary Volume of Prof. N. Couraki, Athens: Ant. N. Sakkoulas.

Vidali, S., 2017. Beyond the Boundaries: Crime Policy Today, Athens: Nomiki Vivliothiki

Vidalis, S. (2007), “Crimes of the state: Neither security nor freedom”, Honorary volume for Ioannis Manoledakis. II Studies in Criminal Law-Criminology-Crime History, Athens – Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas.

Χουλιάρας, Α. (2015), «Societas delinquere non potest; Thoughts on the occasion of the “Siemens scandal” “, in M. Gasparinatou (ed.), Crime and criminal repression in a time of crisis, Hon. Volume of Prof. N. Courakis, Athens: Ant. N. Sakkoulas


In other languages

Barak, G. (ed), 2015. The Routledge international handbook of the crimes of the powerful, London – New York: Routledge

Bezlov, T., Gounev, Ph. (2012). Organised Crime, corruption and public bodies. In Gunev, Ph., Ruggiero, V. (2012). Corruption and organised Crime in Europe. Illegal Partnership. London and New York: Routledge, Talyor and Francis Group.

Calavita, K., Pontell, H.N.& Tillman, R., 1997. Big Money Crime: Fraud and Politics in the Savings and Loan Crisis, University of California Press.

Chambliss, W. (1988). On the Take. From petty crooks to Presidents. Bloomington Indianna: Indiana University Press

Chambliss, W. (1989), “State organized crime”, Criminology 27 (1989), pp. 183-208.

Chambliss, W. J. (2004) “On the symbiosis between criminal law and criminal behaviour”, Criminology, 42(2), pp. 241-252.

Cohen, S. (2001), States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering, Cambridge: Polity Press

Della Porta Donatella, Vannucci, A., (2012), The Hidden Order of Corruption. An institutional Approach, Ashgate: Farnham

Friedrichs, D. (2007). White-Collar Crime in Postmodern, Globalized World. In Pontell, N., Geiss, G., (eds) (2007), International Ηandbook of White Collar and Corporate Crime (pp. 163-184). Spinger.

Friedrichs, D., & Friedrichs, J. (2002). “The World Bank and Crimes of Globalization: A Case Study”, Social Justice, 29(1/2 (87-88)), 13-36. Retrieved September 29, 2020, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/29768116

Green, P. & Ward, T., (2004), State Crime: Governments, Violence and Corruption, London: Pluto Press

Michalowski Ρ., Kramer Ρ., (2007). «State-Corporate Crime and Criminological Inquiry», σε Pontell, N., Geiss, G., (eds). International Ηandbook of White Collar and Corporate Crime, Boston: Springer.

Ruggiero, V. (2012), “Introduction: the organization of crime”, in Gunev, Ph., Ruggiero, V. (2012), Corruption and organised Crime in Europe. Illegal Partnership (pp. 3-14). London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

Sutherland, E. H. (1944). “Is “White collar Crime” Crime? American Sociological Review. Annual Meeting Papers, 10(2), pp.132-139



 Alternative ways of examining a course in emergency situations


Teacher (full name): Margarita Gasparinatou, Assistant Professor
Contact details: mgaspari@sp.duth.gr
Supervisors: (1) No
Evaluation methods: (2) written assignment and exercises

written or oral examination with distance learning methods, provided that the integrity and reliability of the examination are ensured.

Implementation Instructions: (3) The examination of the course takes place on a day and time determined by the exams program, which is announced by the Secretariat of the Department of Social Policy. Before the exams, students must have registered in e-class in the respective course with their academic account, with which they can only take part in the exam. On the day of the exam, the topics of the exam are posted in the field (ASSIGNMENTS-EXERCISES), which the students are asked to answer and posting their answers in a file format (word), within the predetermined time of the exam. The answers are submitted in the field “ASSIGNMENTS-EXERCISES” of e-class. During the examination, students can use bibliographic sources, as the topics require critical thinking and deep understanding of the topics.


The assignments done during the semester are taken into account as supporting the grade of the written exams (reinforcement up to 3 points). To measure the support grade, it is required to obtain a grade that can be passed in the written exams (at least 5).


Throughout the examination it is possible to communicate with the teachers through the electronic platform at the link of the course. On the same platform, students who have this right and have declared it to the secretariat can be examined orally, on the same topics as those of the written examinations.

  • Please write YES or NO
  • Note down the evaluation methods used by the teacher, e.g.
  • written assignment or/and exercises
  • written or oral examination with distance learning methods, provided that the integrity and reliability of the examination are ensured.
  • In the Implementation Instructions section, the teacher notes down clear instructions to the students:
  1. a) in case of written assignment and / or exercises: the deadline (e.g. the last week of the semester), the means of submission, the grading system, the grade percentage of the assignment in the final grade and any other necessary information.
  2. b) in case of oral examination with distance learning methods: the instructions for conducting the examination (e.g. in groups of X people), the way of administration of the questions to be answered, the distance learning platforms to be used, the technical means for the implementation of the examination (microphone, camera, word processor, internet connection, communication platform), the hyperlinks for the examination, the duration of the exam, the grading system, the percentage of the oral exam in the final grade, the ways in which the inviolability and reliability of the exam are ensured and any other necessary information.
  3. c) in case of written examination with distance learning methods: the way of administration of the questions to be answered, the way of submitting the answers, the duration of the exam, the grading system, the percentage of the written exam of the exam in the final grade, the ways in which the integrity and reliability of the exam are ensured and any other necessary information.

There should be an attached list with the Student Registration Numbers only of students eligible to participate in the examination.