Introduction to Law


COURSE TITLE Introduction to Law
If theECTSCreditsaredistributedin distinct partsofthecoursee.g. lectures, labsetc. IftheECTSCreditsareawardedto the wholecourse, thenplease indicate the teaching hours per week and the corresponding ECTS Credits.
Lectures and Practice Exercises


3 6
Please, addlinesifnecessary.Teaching methods and organization of the course are described in section 4.

Background, GeneralKnowledge, Scientific Area, Skill Development



Learning Outcomes
Pleasedescribethelearningoutcomesofthecourse: Knowledge, skills and abilitiesacquiredafterthesuccessfulcompletionofthecourse.
Βy the end of the educational process, students will be able to: a. distinguish between public and private law, b. understand the concepts of constitutional authority and the Constitution, c. understand the distinctions of the Constitution, in the substantive and formal sense, d. identify the direct and indirect sources of Constitutional Law, e. know the meaning of the State and its main elements, f. define what a state is and identify its organizational bases, g. describe the composition, responsibilities and procedures associated with the electoral body, the Parliament, the President of the Republic and the Government, h. know the principles on which judicial power is exercised as well as the distinctions of the Greek courts.
General Skills
Name the desirable general skills upon successful completion of the module
Search, analysis and synthesis of data and information,


Adaptation to new situations

Decision making

Autonomous work


Working in an international environment

Working in an interdisciplinary environment

Production of new research ideas

Project design and management

Equity and Inclusion

Respect for the natural environment


Demonstration of social, professional and moral responsibility and sensitivity to gender issues

Critical thinking

Promoting free, creative and inductive reasoning


Promoting free, creative and inductive thinking

Critical thinking

Work in an interdisciplinary environment

Search, analyze and synthesis of data and information, ICT Use


The subject of the course is the introduction to the concept of Constitutional Law, as a fundamental regulatory institution of relations within the State. In this context, the basic principles and sources of Constitutional Law will be examined as well as the concept of the State and the institutions that regulate its organization and functions.

The course will be developed in the following sections:

1.       Acquaintance with students. Informing students about the learning objectives and relevant feedback regarding their expectations. Presentation of the lectures’ main axes and the way the course and exams are conducted. Definition of the concept of “Law”. Distinction between public and private law. Summary and key conclusions.

2.       Introductory remarks on the concept of Constitutional Law as a fundamental branch of domestic public law. Definition and description of the concept of constitutional authority by which constitutional rules are established. Clarification of the basic concepts of the Constitution, as well as its main distinctions. Reference will be made to the review of the constitutional authority in the context of social and historical changes, as reflected in the current Constitution. Summary and key conclusions.

3.       Extensive analysis of the sources of Constitutional Law. Summary and key conclusions.

4.       Examination of the “state”, in the context of the dominant theory which defines the state as a legal personality. An extensive description will be made of the concept’s basic structural elements and mainly of the ways in which state is organized as a legal entity. Summary and key conclusions.

5.       Analysis of the system of government, i.e. the system of legal rules that govern the proper functioning of a state. The “organizational bases of the system of government” will be described, including general constitutional principles and ways through which power is exercised within a state.

6.       Analysis and interpretations of the concept of the electorate. One of the fundamental elements of the state, the electorate, will be described in its narrow sense and in the light of the active right to vote. Emphasis will be placed on conditions that permitvoting rights, on the powers of the electoral body, on the electoral principles of the Constitution as well as on the structure of the electoral system. The concept of the political party, as a legal entity within the Constitutional framework of a state, will be extensively analyzed. Summary and conclusions.

7.       Analysis of the Parliament, as a collective and direct body of the state. The composition and the mechanism by which the Parliament is constituted will be described, with the central axis being the eligibility criteria. The organizational structure of the Parliament, its operation and responsibilities will be analyzed, with the exercise of parliamentary control being fundamental. Summary and key conclusions.

8.       The constitutional framework governing the exercise of executive power will be studied through the institution of the President of the Republic. Legal requirementsregarding the Presedential electionprocess will be examined. The legal framework that governs the regulation of the procedures for the exercise of executive power will be examined, with an emphasis on the powers of the President of the Republic, as derived from the current Constitution. Summary and key conclusions.

9.       Description of one more basic institution, which participates together with the President of the Republic in the exercise of executive power: the Government. The differentiating elements between the types of a Government will be highlighted and the procedures and practices of its organization and operation will be clarified. Finally, the concept of “responsibility”, which derives from the exercise of the Government’s powers, will be presented.

10.    Establishment of Independent Administrative Authorities and their operation, as guaranteed by the current constitutional framework. The central axis of the analysis will be the operation of the judiciary and the constitutional foundation of its independence.

11.    Description of the distinctions of the courts, i.e. the bodies through which judicial power is exercised. Summary and key conclusions. Presentation by a special guest and/or film screening.

12.    Brief description of the content of all lectures and discussion regarding the meeting of the learning objectives and expectations of the students. Show a film or documentary about the importance of law.

13.    Summary of the lectures’ main points. Completion of the course.

Face to face, Distance learning, etc.
Face-to-face and remote communication
Use of ICT in Teaching, in Laboratory Education, in Communication with students
Use of presentation software and other audiovisual media




The ways and methods of teaching are described in detail.

Lectures, Seminars, Laboratory Exercise, Field Exercise, Bibliographicresearch& analysis, Tutoring, Internship (Placement), Clinical Exercise, Art Workshop, Interactive learning, Study visits, Study / creation, project, creation, project. Etc.


The supervised and unsupervised workload per activity is indicated here, so that total workload per semester complies to ECTS standards.

Activity Workload/semester
Lectures 39
Interactive teaching 14


Participation in guided discussions in the context of lectures 25
Small individual practice tasks 25
Independent Study and prepartion for the Examination 45
Final Written Examination 2
Total Course (25 workload hours per credit unit) 150
Student Evaluation

Description of the evaluation process


Assessment Language, Assessment Methods, Formative or Concluding, Multiple Choice Test, Short Answer Questions, Essay Development Questions, Problem Solving, Written Assignment, Essay / Report, Oral Exam, Presentation in audience, Laboratory Report,Clinical examination of a patient,Artistic interpretation, Other/Others


Please indicate all relevant information about the course assessment and how students are informed 

Final Written examination






Chrysanthakis, Ch. (2020), Introduction in Constitutional Law, Athens: Nomiki Vivliothiki

Folder of powerpoint slides used during the lessons, uploaded on eclass



Spyropoulos, F. (2020), Constitutional Law, Athens-Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas SA.

Poulis, P. (2010), Introduction to public law and institutions, Sakkoulas, P.N.

Manitakis, A. (2009), Constitutional organization of the state: with elements of political science (3rd ed.), Athens-Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas

Mavrias, K. (2020), Constitutional Law, Sakkoulas, P.N.





Alternative ways of examining a course in emergency situations


Teacher (full name): Sofia Spyrea, PhD
Contact details:
Supervisors: (1) No
Evaluation methods: (2) Drafting two small papers in the form of answers to questions from a list of topics (100% of the total grade, 50% of 5 units each).
Implementation Instructions: (3) The examination of the course takes place according to the examinations programme, announced by the Secretariat of the Department of Social Policy. Before the exams, students must have registered in e-class with their academic account, otherwise they are excluded. On the day of the exam, the topics of the exam are posted in the field ASSIGNMENTS-EXERCISES, and the students are asked to answer and submit their answers in a file format (word), within the predetermined time of the exam. The answers are submitted in the field “ASSIGNMENTS-EXERCISES” of e-class. During the examination, students can use bibliographic sources, as the topics require critical thinking and deep understanding of the topics.

The papers and presentations students prepare during the semester are taken into account as supporting the grade of the written exams (an up to 3 points bonus). For the bonus grade to be added, students are required to obtain a passable grade in the written examinations (at least 5 out of 10).

Throughout the examination students can communicate with the teachers through the electronic platform of the course. On the same platform, students who are eligible to be examined orally and have declared it to the secretariat, are examined on the same topics of the written examinations.

Late submission of answers is not accepted unless it is due to a technical problem and the instructor is informed before the end of the submission time.


  • Please write YES or NO
  • Notedowntheevaluationmethodsusedbytheteacher, e.g.
  • written assignmentor/andexercises
  • writtenororalexaminationwithdistancelearningmethods, provided that the integrity and reliability of the examination are ensured.
  • In the Implementation Instructions section, the teacher notes down clear instructions to the students:


  1. a) in case of written assignment and / or exercises: the deadline (e.g. the last week of the semester),the means of submission, the grading system, the grade percentage of the assignment in the final grade and any other necessary information.
  2. b) incaseoforal examination with distance learning methods: the instructions for conducting the examination (e.g. in groups of X people), the way of administration of the questions to be answered, the distance learning platforms to be used, the technical means for the implementation of the examination (microphone, camera, word processor, internet connection, communication platform), the hyperlinksfor the examination, the duration of the exam, the gradingsystem, the percentage of the oral exam in the final grade, the ways in which the inviolability and reliability of the exam are ensuredand any other necessary information.
  3. c) incaseofwritten examination with distance learning methods:the way of administration of the questions to be answered, the way of submitting the answers, the duration of the exam, the grading system, the percentage of the written exam of the exam in the final grade, the ways in which the integrity and reliability of the exam are ensured and any other necessary information.

There should be anattached list with the Student Registration Numbersonly of students eligible to participate in the examination.